Baba Banda Singh Bahadur – Pioneer of Indian Independence
The concept of political sovereignty all ten Guru Sahibans was executed with authority by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur at Lohgarh. The Khalsa flag was hoisted on the ramparts of Lohgarh fort and a coin was struck in the name of Guru Nanak – Guru Gobind Singh to commemorate the setting up of Khalsa Raj in North India.The eighteenth century Sikh warrior(Banda) who for the first time seized territory for the Khalsa and paved the way for the ultimate conquest of the North India. He attacked Mughals in every part of north country, thus did a unique miracle. It is not a miracle in literal sense, but in actual form; As a human being, a real person of flesh and bones, and not a hero of fiction he did a wonderful job of bringing emancipation for downtrodden masses form the land of mighty Mughal tyrants. He created new world history and eventually embraced heroic martyrdom. It was he who established the first ever a real state based on the Sikh philosophy. Thus brought an end to the 700 years old slavery from Punjab and 1000 years of the South Asia. 1 Transformation of in asses to Sikhism was personal magnetism of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, undaunted courage and extraordinary valour knit his followers closely to him. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur established the first independent Sovereign State under Sikh rule with its own coins and seal. Banda Singh Bahadur was not only a military commander but also an astute statesman.
The royal seal of Sikh Kingdom inscribed,
“Degh Tegh Fateh Nusrait-i- Bedirang
Yaft az Nanak Guru Gobind Singh”
The kettle (symbol to feed the poor),
the sword (symbol of power to protect the weak and helpless)
the Victory and unhesitating patronage has been obtained from Nanak Guru Gobind Singh).
“Degh”, a large cooking pot used for preparing “Langar” (Community Kitchen) represents abundance of food and thus prosperity. “Tegh” meaning sword in general and the double edged sword in particular, represents strength and (military) power. “Fateh” mean victory. “Nusrat” means help and “Bedarang” means without restraint of delay. “Ya-ftAZ” means received from. Banda Singh Bahadur took upon himself the duty of serving the people and protecting the weak and helpless. He meant to tell the people at large that welfare state of their dreams had beenestablished to the exclusion of the tyrannical government of the Mughal governors. He tacitly meant to convey to them that unjust officials have been substituted by the just deserving and competent. He wanted to make them alive to the consciousness created in the masses for their rights and awaken them to strong sense of resistance and defiance to oppression.